Precise observations of nature not only gained in importance in the natural sciences during the nineteenth century—the impressionists also reacted to this trend by painting outdoors and recording ever-changing light and weather phenomena. Their landscape motifs were no longer charged with historical or symbolic significance. Rather, impressionist artists focused on capturing the present.
This exhibition presents various themes in Impressionist landscape painting, which made it the first distinctly modern movement in painting. They emancipated themselves from earlier generations in their depictions of the sea and forest tracks. In garden paintings, they began to use color freely. Winter landscapes became a place to experiment with the color white. In landscapes of the south they wove together light and air to create shimmering visual effects. In river landscapes they explored reflective surfaces. To this day, the very act of seeing continues to make viewers an integral part of their works.