This group exhibition of outdoor sculpture installed on its grounds will include works by world-renowned British artists Richard Deacon, Nigel Hall, Gary Hume, Richard Long and Marc Quinn from the Hall and Hall Art Foundation collections.
Richard Deacon (b. 1949) has been a leading figure in British sculpture since the 1980s. He describes himself as a fabricator who constructs objects using manufacturing or building techniques, rather than as a sculptor who carves or models. In a career spanning more than four decades, Deacon has worked with a diverse range of materials including laminated wood, stainless steel, corrugated iron, polycarbonate, marble, clay, vinyl, foam and leather. Working on both domestic and monumental scales, he manipulates his materials to create structures that combine organic and biomorphic forms with elements of engineering. Deacon’s Untitled 1991(1991), made of painted welded steel, consists of three vertical loops intersected and linked along their top and bottom horizontal axes. Using a technique called heat-line bending, Deacon transforms a flat plate of steel into a three-dimensional and organic form. The anthropomorphic shapes, resembling eyes, ears or open mouths, are joined together in a dynamic and airy structure that contradicts the rigidity and heaviness inherent to the material of steel. The welding lines are purposefully revealed to emphasize the work’s structure and “fabricated” status. With its overlapping arcs and undulating curves, the sculpture presents complex shapes and intersections from every angle.
Nigel Hall was born in Bristol, England in 1943. His abstract and geometric sculptures, typically made of steel, bronze or polished wood, are concerned with three-dimensional space, mass and line. Hall assigns as much importance to the voids and shadows present in his sculptures as to work’s material and shape. In Within and Without II (1999) two vertical, bevelled bars are welded to the inside of a circle and face each other. The thinner element hangs from the top, while the thicker element juts up from the bottom. These bars frame and intersect one’s view of the landscape seen through the circular tunnel, which is further varied by the viewer’s point of view and by the changing light.
Born in 1962, Gary Hume is an English artist associated with a group called the YBA (Young British Artists) who came to prominence in the early 1990s. Back of Snowman (2001) is part of a larger series of snowman sculptures, paintings and prints that feature the simplified form of two stacked spheres as its subject. At once joyful and enigmatic, the sculpture and its title connote childhood memories of playing in the snow, while the sculpture’s simplified form also has an abstract aesthetic. Back of Snowman also embodies the playfulness characteristic of Hume’s work – the title gives the impression that there is a front and a back to the sculpture when in reality, the rounded forms are identical from all sides.
Richard Long was born in 1945 in Bristol, England, where he currently lives and works. Since the 1960s, Long has radically redefined the boundaries of sculpture, making use of nature as both his subject and medium. Whether taking nature itself into the gallery or in transforming the surface of the earth, Long and other land artists have pointed to the importance of our natural surroundings in ways that are utterly different from 18th or 19th-century precedents. 13th Street Ellipse (2004) is made of variously sized pieces of red and green/blue slate, positioned on the ground within a predetermined elliptical perimeter. The stones are placed one-by-one within the ellipse in a haphazard pattern. They are fairly evenly spaced, not touching, and each stone is placed upright on its flat, planed side or edge. The work’s title comes from the address of the Sperone Westwater gallery in New York City where the artist first installed it in 2004 (415 West 13th Street).
British artist Marc Quinn (b. 1964) is known for making work that challenges the boundaries between art and science. Using a wide range of media including ice, glass, metal, marble and lead, Quinn’s work addresses the transience of human life through scientific knowledge and artistic expression. Standing at nearly 20 feet tall, Quinn’s The Incredible World of Desire (Phragmipedium Sedenii) (2003 – 2004) appears to the human eye like what a real orchid must look like to a bee. A highly detailed and colorful photographic image of a Phragmipedium Sedenii orchid has been transferred onto a stainless steel framework. Monumental from the front and back, the sculpture appears as a simple line in space when viewed from the side. Quinn has described the effect as resembling a “flower superimposed on to the landscape” in a way that reminds him “of an image stuck on the front of a child’s plastic toy.” Quinn’s Standing Figure (Beef) (2004) is an upright bronze sculpture of a cow’s carcass. In describing this series, Quinn has stated: “Somehow, it felt to me that these animals – whose bodies were never destined to remain whole, but were to be made invisible and divided into a thousand shrink-wrapped sausages or steaks – deserved an acknowledgement of their sacrifice. To me they are beautiful and terrible at the same time, something about being human learnt from animals.”
Hall Art Foundation, 544 VT Route 106, Reading, VT 05062 | U.S.A.
Nigel Hall, “Within and Without II”, 1999, Cor-Ten steel, 96 x 98 x 53 in. (245 x 250 x 135 cm), Hall Collection, he artist